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Birthstones/Zodiak/Bible

Awwwhhh...The Beautiful "DIAMOND"

 Awwwhhh...The Beautiful "DIAMOND"
 
 

Other Names:
King of Crystals; Stone of Invulnerability; King Gem

Chemical Composition:
C (elemental carbon)


Hardness:
10 (the hardest substance known)

Description:
Diamonds actually come in many colors but the one's we're most familiar with are clear crystals with incredible sparkle and "fire" inside. 
 
About:
Most people know that diamonds are the hardest substance found in nature but did you know diamonds are four times harder than corundum (sapphire and ruby), the next hardest stones?
 
 But even as hard as they are they do have one weakness, or should I say four? Diamonds have four direction of cleavage, meaning if one received a sharp blow in one of these directions it will split. It takes a skilled diamond cutter and setter to ensure that the stone is shaped and set in a position where one of these weak points will be protected during normal wear.

Diamonds are a form of elemental carbon, the foundation of all life on earth.
 
Perfect crystals are extremely rare and most will have a slight flaw somewhere inside. These flaws are generally minute traces of non-crystallized carbon or internal stress fractures called 'inclusions', luckily most of these aren't apparent to the naked eye.
 Perfect clarity means that no inclusions are visible when the diamond is viewed under a 10X lens.
 
The clarity grading scale includes:
  •  FL for flawless
  •  VS for very slight inclusions
  •  SI for slight inclusions
  •  I for imperfect
 
SI diamonds usually appear perfect to the naked eye, only when viewed under a strong lens are the inclusions appparent.

Lore & History: 
Diamond" comes from the Greek adamao, transliterated as "adamao," "I tame" or "I subdue." The adjective "adamas" was used to describe the hardest substance known, and eventually became synonymous with diamond.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Knowledge of the diamond and the origin of its many conations (sic) start in India, where it was first mined.
 
The word most generally used for diamond in Sanskrit is transliterated as vajra, "thunderbolt," and indrayudha, "Indra's weapon." Because Indra is the warrior god from Vedic scriptures, the foundation of Hinduism, the thunderbolt symbol indicates much about the Indian conception of the diamond.
 
The flash of lightning is a suitable comparison for the light thrown off by a fine diamond octahedron and a diamond's indomitable hardness. Early descriptions of vajra date to the 4th century BCE that is supported by archaeological evidence. By that date diamond was a valued material. The presence of diamonds in Rome by about 100 CE is established by the writings of Pliny the Elder (23--79 CE), by sapphire engravings, and by talismanic diamond rings. 

Curiously, early Chinese references to diamonds cite their coming from Rome in iron scribes. Chinese interest in diamonds was strictly as an engraving or carving tool, primarily for jade, or as a drill for beads and pearls. 
 
Diamonds began appearing in European regalia and jewelry in the 13th and 14th centuries. Diamonds disappeared from Europe for nearly 1,000 years after the rise of Christianity. Roman talismanic and Eastern magical symbolism rendered diamond abhorrent to the rising new religion. 

 
Despite its physical absence, the diamond survived conceptually, as the Middle Ages witnessed a rediscovery and reinterpretation of early writings on stones. Medieval treatises called lapidaries presented the qualities of different stones; their power; their efficacy as medicine, poison, or antidote; whether they could reproduce; and sundry other properties. Lapidaries were written until the Age of Enlightenment, in the 18th century. 

Marbode, Bishop of Rennes (1061--1081), wrote "De gemmarum," on the spiritual and medicinal attributes of gems. In a book lacking in the expected Christian symbolism, Marbode describes the diamond: "This stone has aptitude for magical arts, indomitable virtues it provides the bearer, nocturnal spirits and bad dreams it repels, black poisons flee, disputes and screams are changed. Cures insanity, strikes hard against enemies. For these purposes the stone should be set in silver, armored in gold, and fastened to the left arm." 

Diamonds were believed to render their owners courageous and fearless. Thus nobles like Cosimo the Elder, Florence (1389-1464), Henry II of France (1519 -- 59), and perhaps the Dukes of Burgundy used them as symbols in rings and even wore them into battle. 
-------------------------------------------------

Specific Properties of colored diamonds: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Clear: bond relationships, encourage innocence, love, longevity, balance, clarity, profundity, abundance, courage, purity, hope and discernment. Helps one get to the essence of things.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Black: Helps to grant the courage to look within ourselves without illusions.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Blue: Helps to inspire us to take better care of our health and helps strengthen the will.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Pink: Fosters Creative Expression (great stone for an artist of any kind)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Yellow (also called Canary): Encorages thoughtfulness and consideration of others.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Healing Properties: 

Diamonds are used to balance the metabolism, de-toxify the body, and strengthen ones eyesight. 


Magickal/Metaphysical Properties: 

Diamonds, being perfect forms of carbon, are the purest expression of earth's energy. Diamonds are also connected with the non-physical planes, as evidenced by their unparalleled ability to refract light of all colors. Thus the diamond is a bridge or link between the physical and spiritual realms. 
 
Diamonds are great conductors of energy, both physically and spiritually. They are said to amplify whatever energy the wearer is experiencing. This means that anyone depressed should not wear this stone. 
 
 
 

Because of diamonds unique powers of light reflection, this stone is incredible at cleansing all of the chakras, as well as all the layers of the aura. Diamonds are associated with the 7th, or crown, chakra. It allows us to connect with the pure love of the universe. 
 


Diamonds are often used in a metaphor for our human process of becoming refined, cut and polished: to be a perfect manifestation of light in the physical world. 

Because of its durability and purity, the diamond is often given as engagement, wedding, and anniversary gifts as a commitment to never-ending love. The diamond is also known as the stone of reconciliation 



Deity/Elemental/Planetary Affinity:
Fire/Sun


Astrological Correspondence:
Aries Birthstone; Alternate Birthstone for August, September and November; Stone for teh 30th and 60th anniversary; Diamond Jewelry for 10th anniversary; State Gem of Arkansas; Seasonal Gem for Winter; Universal Symbol of Love


Where to Wear for best results: 
Finger or Temple; said to be particulary lucky to Aries people when worn on the left side of the body.

BIRTHSTONES~ZODIAK SIGNS~BIBLE

BIRTHSTONES~ZODIAK SIGNS~BIBLE
You might think that birthstones are only associated with the
Zodiac signs. This is not exactly true. They are also associated
with what month you are born in. The origin of the twelve monthly
birthstones was thought to have originated in Bible as they were
found on the breastplates of Aaron.
Yet another difference between the monthly and the Zodiac stones is
that the monthly stones have more a numerological association
whereas the Zodiac stones relate more to astrology.
January - The garnet is named as the January birth stone in just
about every tradition or culture The glittering red garnet is the
stone representing January in Hebrew, Roman, Arabic, Polish and
Russian traditions. In the ancient Hindu tradition the stone for
January was the serpent stone, but this is not a stone that has been
seen by anyone. Chances are it was a ruby or a black stone.
February - The symbolic stone is agreed upon as being the amethyst
according to North American, Hebrew, Roman, Arabic, Polish and
Russian traditions. In ancient Hindu it was the chandrakankta
which once again is a stone nobody living today has ever seen so
it cannot be described.
March - Modern North America culture names the aquamarine as the
stone for this month. However in Hebrew, Roman, Arabic, Polish and
Russian traditions the stone for this stormy month is the
bloodstone. In the ancient Hindu tradition it was a stone called
gold-sivalinga which once again is not a stone ever seen by
contemporary eyes.
April - North American culture names the diamond as the birth stone
for April. In Jewish, Hindu and Polish cultures the diamond is also
named as the April birthstone. However in Roma, Persian and
Russian traditions, the stone that has symbolized the month is
sapphire.
May - In contemporary North American, Arabic, Hindu, Polish and
Russian traditions, the birthstone for the month of May is emerald.
However the Hebrew and Roman traditions say the month belongs to
the agate.
June - June is one of those months that seem to be symbolized by an
array of stones. Contemporary North American culture names the
stone of the month to be moonstone, pearl or alexandrite. Ancient
Hindu tradition also names the pearl as the birthstone for June.
However in ancient Roman and Hebrew traditions June was ruled by
the emerald (possibly because the green represented summer.) In
Russian, Polish and Arabic cultures the stone that rules this month
is agate, which to make things even more confusing is a striped
stone comes in many colors.
July- In North American, Polish and Russian culture the birthstone
for this mid summer month is ruby. In Hebrew and Roman traditions
it is onyx. The Arabic culture assigns the carnelian to July and
the Hindu religion says a sapphire represents this month.
August - Many different stones are often said to belong to the
month of August. The modern North American tradition says the month
is symbolized by peridot. The Hebrew and Roman traditions attribute
it to the carnelian. The Arabic and Polish traditions say the month
belongs to the sardonyx. The Hindu tradition assigns August the
ruby and the Russian tradition assigns it the alexandrite.
September - In modern North American traditions, this autumn month
is said to be ruled by the sapphire. However in Hebrew, Roman,
Arabic, Polish and Russian traditions peridot is given as the
ruling stone. The Hindu tradition assigns the zircon to September.
October - The opal or the tourmaline is usually assigned to
October. However Hebrew, Roman, Arabic and Polish birth gem stone
traditions say that aquamarine is the symbolic stone. The Russian
culture says the month is ruled by the beryl. Ancient Hindu
tradition says the stone is coral.
November - The North American tradition assigns either yellow topaz
or citrine as the gemstones for this month. The Hebrew, Roman,
Arabic and Russian traditions also say it belongs to topaz.
November is symbolized by the cat's eye in the Hindu culture.
December - The North American tradition says December is symbolized
by three choices of three blue stones: tanzanite, turquoise or blue
topaz. The Hindu religion also assigns it to topaz, and the Russian
and Polish traditions assign it to turquoise. The Arabic, Roman and
Hebrew traditions say the rosy colored ruby rules this month.
This is interesting because very often your choice of a Zodiac
stone will conflict with what is the birth month stone. Some of
the stones also cross over to astrology. For instance if you are
born in November the symbolic stone is topaz and if you are a
Sagittarian born after the 23rd then your stone will be at topaz as
well.
Until next time...
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